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Definition of Assessment

Learning is the focus and ultimate goal of the learner-centered paradigm. Because of this, assessment plays a key role in shifting to a learner-centered approach. When we assess our students’ learning, we force the questions, “What have our students learned and how well have they learned it?” “How successful have we been at what we are trying to accomplish?” Because of this focus on learning, assessment in higher education is sometimes referred to as outcomes assessment or student outcomes assessment. (Huba & Freed, 2000)

We define assessment as follows:
Assessment is the process of gathering and discussing information from multiple and diverse sources in order to develop a deep understanding of what students know, understand, and can do with their knowledge as a result of their educational experiences; the process culminates when assessment results are used to improve subsequent learning.

The ability to evaluate one’s own work accurately and constructively does not develop automatically. The more intellectually immature students are, the greater the chance that their personal investment will bias what they see when they look at their own work. (Weimer, 2002)